- What is jet fuel made of?
- How much fuel does a 737 burn on takeoff?
- Can you breathe 30000 feet?
- Where do Jets dump fuel?
- Can a plane land with a full tank of fuel?
- What happens if a plane door opens?
- How do planes stop on landing?
- Can you poop in an airplane bathroom?
- Where does poop go on a cruise ship?
- Do planes dump poop?
- What happens if both engines fail on a plane over the Atlantic?
- Why do planes speed up before landing?
- Why do planes fly so high?
- Is fuel dumping safe?
- How often do planes dump fuel?
- What happens when planes dump fuel?
- Do planes always dump fuel before landing?
- Why do pilots dump fuel before landing?
- What happens if a helicopter flies too high?
- Do planes dump sewage in flight?
- Can a 737 dump fuel?
What is jet fuel made of?
Jet fuels are primarily derived from crude oil, the common name for liquid petroleum.
These jet fuels can be referred to as petroleum-derived jet fuels.
Jet fuels can also originate from an organic material found in shale, called kerogen or petroleum solids: that can be converted by heat to shale oil..
How much fuel does a 737 burn on takeoff?
Q: About how much fuel per hour does a medium-sized aircraft such as the 737 burn? A: In round numbers, a 737 will burn 5,000 pounds (750 gallons) an hour. These are approximate figures, and the conversion between pounds and gallons is conservative.
Can you breathe 30000 feet?
At 30,000 feet, while trying to breathe, “the air in their lungs… would expand so quickly they would, for lack of a better term, explode,” Kring says. Boyle’s law says there’s an inverse relationship between atmospheric pressure and the volume of a gas.
Where do Jets dump fuel?
The good news is that pilots are supposed to dump fuel at a safe height above the ground and away from other aircraft, and in addition, over as remote an area as possible. In the case of Heathrow, for example, most fuel dumps have occurred over the sea.
Can a plane land with a full tank of fuel?
Yes! But it is safer to land an aircraft below its published MLW. … You could be taking off with a full load of fuel but no cargo/passengers, in which case it is entirely possible that you may be below MLW. And in which case the answer would be yes, it’s entirely possible to land with full fuel tanks.
What happens if a plane door opens?
Pressure on the door is that of 8,000 to 10,000 feet above sea level. Anybody who isn’t pulled out of the plane would be at huge risk of death as the plane would quickly fall apart in the air. There would also be a huge risk of oxygen deficiency for anyone who doesn’t have their oxygen mask on.
How do planes stop on landing?
Larger turboprop aircraft have propellers that can be adjusted to produce rearward thrust after touchdown, rapidly slowing the aircraft. Commercial jet transport aircraft come to a halt through a combination of brakes, spoilers to increase wing drag and thrust reversers on the engines.
Can you poop in an airplane bathroom?
On a lot of planes you won’t really have a choice, so the “right” lavatory is the one with an operative bowl and a sink. But if you find yourself on a larger plane with entire bathroom sections, find the largest concentration of bathrooms and go there.
Where does poop go on a cruise ship?
Poop, etc. Vacuum suction lines zip toilets’ contents to marine sanitation farms, which siphon out the water, treat it until it’s drinkable, then pump it into the ocean. Helpful aerobic bacteria digest the remaining sludge in storage tanks until it’s all offloaded ashore, about once a month.
Do planes dump poop?
The waste is sucked into a tanker at the airport and then dumped. Even if the pilot and flight attendants want to empty a tank midflight, it is not possible as the valve is located on the outside of the plane, and can be only opened by the ground crew.
What happens if both engines fail on a plane over the Atlantic?
An aircraft will glide perfectly well even if all its engines fail. … If both engines fail, the aeroplane is no longer being pushed forwards, therefore in order to keep the air flowing over the wings, the aircraft must exchange energy through losing altitude to maintain forward airspeed.
Why do planes speed up before landing?
As the plane descends into ground effect, it may actually accelerate if the engines are producing enough thrust, since in ground effect the plane requires much less power to keep “flying”. Power from the engines will translate into speed, if not height.
Why do planes fly so high?
The reason aeroplanes fly so high is due to improved fuel efficiency. A jet engine operates more efficiently at higher altitude where the air is much thinner, allowing an aircraft to travel faster whilst at the same time, burning less fuel.
Is fuel dumping safe?
Although it sounds alarming, a fuel dump (officially known as fuel jettison) is a safe procedure — and done for good reasons. And it’s not as wasteful as it seems, either. Airlines find that fuel dumping can actually be cheaper than not dumping in certain circumstances.
How often do planes dump fuel?
2 Answers. These two reports cite that the US Air Force at one time jettisoned fuel nearly 1000 times per year. The second report also mentions that commercial airlines reported 485 instances of fuel jettison over a 5 year period.
What happens when planes dump fuel?
Dumped jet fuel is supposed to evaporate before it hits the earth, but even Boeing has said that “Even though fuel is vaporized, “it is still suspended in the atmosphere.
Do planes always dump fuel before landing?
They don’t do it before or during takeoff, nor do they do it halfway through their flight. Rather, airlines may dump some of their airplane’s excess fuel immediately before landing so that it lowers the weight of their aircraft.
Why do pilots dump fuel before landing?
Some airplanes – usually larger ones – have the capability to dump fuel to reduce the landing weight. Dumping fuel can reduce the weight quickly, dumping thousands of pounds in a few minutes. … And pilots are trained to climb to a higher altitude, which allows the atomized fuel to evaporate before it reaches the ground.
What happens if a helicopter flies too high?
What Happens If a Helicopter Flies Too High? As the helicopter ascends, the air begins to thin. With thinner air, the main rotor becomes less efficient. The higher the helicopter flies, the slower it ascends due to the reduced power generated by the rotor.
Do planes dump sewage in flight?
Blue ice, in the context of aviation, is frozen sewage material that has leaked mid-flight from commercial aircraft lavatory waste systems. Airlines are not allowed to dump their waste tanks in mid-flight, and pilots have no mechanism by which to do so; however, leaks sometimes do occur. …
Can a 737 dump fuel?
No, not all aircraft can dump fuel. As a matter of fact, many aircraft, including the Boeing 737 and 757, for example, do not have this capability and really, they don’t need it. On the other hand, Federal Aviation Regulations require certain aircraft, like the Boeing 747 for instance, to have a fuel jettison system.