Quick Answer: Is Blood Agar Selective Or Differential Or Both?

Is blood agar selective or differential quizlet?

Terms in this set (14) Blood agar is Differential and enrich.

Beta-hemolysis is complete hemolysis.

It is characterized by a clear (transparent) zone surrounding the colonies..

Is chocolate agar selective or differential?

Chocolate agar, a differential medium for gram-positive cocci. Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

What bacteria can grow on MacConkey Agar?

MacConkey agar is an indicator, a selective and differential culture medium for bacteria designed to selectively isolate Gram-negative and enteric (normally found in the intestinal tract) bacilli and differentiate them based on lactose fermentation.

Is blood agar selective or differential?

Blood Agar This medium can be made selective by the addition of antibiotics. This medium is differential because: Blood Agar tests for the production of hemolysin which breaks down red blood cells.

Is MacConkey agar selective or differential?

MacConkey agar is a selective and differentiating agar that only grows gram-negative bacterial species; it can further differentiate the gram-negative organisms based on their lactose metabolism.

Which media is selective and differential?

Selective media generally selects for the growth of a desired organism, stopping the growth of or altogether killing non-desired organisms. Differential media takes advantage of biochemical properties of target organisms, often leading to a visible change when growth of target organisms are present.

What bacteria does not grow on blood agar?

Blood agar is an enriched, bacterial growth medium. Fastidious organisms, such as streptococci, do not grow well on ordinary growth media. Blood agar is a type of growth medium (trypticase soy agar enriched with 5% sheep blood) that encourages the growth of bacteria, such as streptococci, that otherwise wouldn’t grow.

Which Agar is both selective and differential?

MacConkey Agar. This medium is both selective and differential. The selective ingredients are the bile salts and the dye, crystal violet which inhibit the growth of Gram-positive bacteria.

Is TSA selective or differential?

TSA (Trypticase Soy Agar) and NA (Nutrient Agar) are General Purpose Media that are not selective or differential, their purpose is simply to grow many types of bacteria cheaply. Here we will use a general purpose media to compare the growth on the selective and differential media.

What type of medium is TSA?

Tryptic Soy Agar (TSA): is a rich, undefined medium containing products of an enzymatic digest of protein and soy product. Organisms that require vitamins or other growth factors are able to grow on TSA.

What color is E coli on MacConkey Agar?

dark pinkPresumptive identification of E. coli was made based on its characteristic morphology colony on the selective medium MacConkey agar. Rapid lactose fermenting colonies of E. coli appear dry, donut shaped and dark pink in color and are surrounded with dark pink area of precipitated bile salts.

Why is blood agar differential?

One example of differential medium is blood agar. Blood agar distinguishes microbes based on their ability to lyse red blood cells (RBCs), a property known as hemolysis. There are three types of hemolysis (Figure 1): … Gamma hemolysis is no hemolyis; the microbe does not change the appearance of the blood agar.

Why is EMB selective and differential?

Eosin Methylene Blue (or EMB) Agar is a Selective & Differential Medium. The selective and differential aspects are due to the dyes Eosin Y and Methylene Blue, and the sugars lactose and sucrose in the medium. It is Selective because it encourages some bacteria to grow while inhibiting others.

How do you interpret MacConkey Agar?

Result Interpretation on MacConkey Agar Lactose fermenting strains grow as red or pink and may be surrounded by a zone of acid precipitated bile. The red colour is due to production of acid from lactose, absorption of neutral red and a subsequent colour change of the dye when the pH of medium falls below 6.8.

Is E coli Gram positive or negative?

E coli is a gram-negative bacillus that grows well on commonly used media. It is lactose-fermenting and beta-hemolytic on blood agar. Most E coli strains are nonpigmented. The image below shows Escherichia coli on Gram staining.