What Is Original Evidence?

Why is evidence not admissible?

Evidence that can not be presented to the jury or decision maker for any of a variety of reasons: it was improperly obtained, it is prejudicial (the prejudicial value outweighs the probative value), it is hearsay, it is not relevant to the case, etc..

What are exceptions to hearsay?

The following are not excluded by the rule against hearsay, regardless of whether the declarant is available as a witness: (1) Present Sense Impression. A statement describing or explaining an event or condition, made while or immediately after the declarant perceived it. (2) Excited Utterance.

What are the 2 main types of evidence?

There are two types of evidence — direct and circumstantial. Direct evidence usually is that which speaks for itself: eyewitness accounts, a confession, or a weapon.

Why is hearsay evidence inadmissible?

The hearsay rule “Evidence of a previous representation made by a person is not admissible to prove the existence of a fact that it can reasonably be supposed that the person intended to assert by the representation.”

Definition. Hearsay is an out-of-court statement offered to prove the truth of whatever it asserts.

What is an example of hearsay evidence?

For example, to prove that Tom was in town, the attorney asks a witness, “What did Susan tell you about Tom being in town?” Since the witness’s answer will rely on an out-of-court statement that Susan made, if Susan is unavailable for cross-examination, the answer is hearsay.

What is the difference between hearsay and original evidence?

What is the difference between HEARSAY evidence and ORIGINAL evidence? Hearsay evidence is adduced for the PURPOSE of proving that the (non testimonial) STATEMENT IS TRUE : ORIGINAL evidence (non testimonial) for purpose of proving STATEMENT WAS MADE. … Hearsay evidence is inadmissible original evidence is admissible.

What are examples of real evidence?

Examples of real evidence include fingerprints, blood samples, DNA, a knife, a gun, and other physical objects. Real evidence is usually admitted because it tends to prove or disprove an issue of fact in a trial.

What evidence is admissible?

To be admissible in court, the evidence must be relevant (i.e., material and having probative value) and not outweighed by countervailing considerations (e.g., the evidence is unfairly prejudicial, confusing, a waste of time, privileged, or based on hearsay).

What is the best evidence?

Best evidence, also known as primary evidence, usually denotes an original writing, which is considered the most reliable proof of its existence and its contents. If it is available to, and obtainable by, a party, it must be offered into evidence at a trial.

Can statements be used as evidence?

Any statement made by one party is admissible as non-hearsay if offered by their opposing party. In civil cases, the plaintiff can introduce all statements made by the defense, and the defense can enter all statements made by the plaintiff into evidence.

Is hearsay circumstantial evidence?

Hearsay evidence can be used in court under the following scenarios. The reality is that few cases involve “smoking-gun evidence,” and the law recognizes that most claims will be proven through circumstantial evidence, or evidence that requires drawing an inference to reach a conclusion. This includes hearsay evidence.

What are 4 types of evidence?

There are four types of evidence recognized by the courts and we will take a look at them today. The four types of evidence recognized by the courts include demonstrative, real, testimonial and documentary. The first type, demonstrative, is evidence that demonstrated the testimony given by a witness.

What are the three burdens of proof?

These three requirements in order are the burden of pleading, the burden of production and the burden of persuasion.

Can someone be convicted on hearsay evidence?

If all the evidence against you is hearsay, it is all inadmissible. Therefore, no evidence would be admitted. You can’t be convicted if the prosecution submits no evidence of your guilt. … There are also many exceptions to the hearsay rule.

How do you identify hearsay evidence?

Hearsay evidence is typically inadmissable in legal proceedings, but there are exceptions. Broadly defined, “hearsay” is testimony or documents quoting people who are not present in court. When the person being quoted is not present, establishing credibility becomes impossible, as does cross-examination.

What is considered as evidence?

In legal terms, evidence covers the burden of proof, admissibility, relevance, weight and sufficiency of what should be admitted into the record of a legal proceeding. Evidence — crucial in both civil and criminal proceedings — may include blood or hair samples, video surveillance recordings, or witness testimony.

What is permissible hearsay evidence?

Meaning of Hearsay Evidence : Hearsay Evidence means whatever a person is heard to say it includes: i) A statement made by a person, not called as witness; ii) A statement contained or recorded in any book, document or record which is not admissible.